19 Garden Pests and Treat Them

No gardener wants to see insects wreaking havoc on a bed, be it a plant or a vegetable garden. It is natural to want to protect your gardens and get rid of garden pests. Unfortunately, one of the most serious problems you will experience is pest control.

However, now is not the time to be too zealous! Care should be balanced with beneficial insects, which you can read about here. Poached wasps are ideal for action tomato horned worms, and ladybirds eat aphids. Together, these two articles will give you a good basis for studying insects and action them in your garden.

The Right Ways To Get Rid Of Garden Pests

Creating A Healthy Soil

To get healthy and vigorous plants in your garden, provide the soil with the necessary nutrients, oxygen, enough water and root support. Only healthy soil can help plants overcome pest strikes. Try these ways to create a healthy soil:

Limit soil disturbance-soil turning has some advantages, but if you practice it regularly, you will find out all the disadvantages of this procedure. Keep systems alive, including earthworms and microbes in the soil, keeping disturbances low.

Alternate Crops-Sowing plants in different beds will increase yields, as an annual change of plants will keep pests away from your garden.

Plant cover crops – after a successful growing season, plant a cover crop in the garden, such as clover, peas or ryegrass. This will remove weeds, improve soil fertility and structure, and reduce erosion in winter.

Compost – every spring you need to add about two inches (5 cm) of well-decomposed compost to supplement the nutrients in your garden soil.

Mulch-Try to leave 4 inches (10 cm) of mowed grass to suppress weeds, reduce water evaporation, prevent soil compaction, and temper the soil temperature.

Attracting Useful Predators

The secret lies in diversity. You need to encourage the natural enemies of pests in your garden and help you finish these terrible creatures. The best strategies to help you maximize pest population control:

Plant flowers such as mint, Daisy, fennel, alyssum, marigolds, zinnia, persil and coriander that will attract beneficial predators.
You need useful insects. Offer them pollen and nectar and they will give you the best in return. Make sure that female beetles, mantises and green lace always feel welcome in your garden.

Birds, toads and frogs eat insects that make them the best friends in your garden. Invite them by placing a bowl or pot of water somewhere between your plants and let them do all the work for you.

Water Your Garden In The Morning

If possible, try to water your garden early in the morning. In this way, you will be:

Help your herbs to be well hydrated

The foliage dries properly until the evening, and therefore will not be attractive to pests that prefer to gnaw wet leaves

Watch Your Garden

Keep a close eye on your plants from time to time and be prepared to act in a timely manner if you notice any damage caused by pests. In the event that the pests are not widespread, you can decide not to take any measures to avoid finishing beneficial predators.

If you notice that the pests have already caused huge damage, you should start using appropriate methods of struggle:

Mechanical Pest Control-Start your “action” against pests by picking them up by hand. If this system is useless, try using repellents, boiled cedar branches, diatomaceous earth, insecticidal soap, natural oils, vegetable oils, barriers, traps, baits, pressure sprays or antiparasitic vacuum cleaners.

Kitchen Remedies-Find effective remedies for pests, such as boric acid powder, peppers or citrus fruits that you already have at home, and use them against pests.

Biological solutions for pest control-If you can’t get rid of pests by mechanical means, it’s time to do a little Biology. There are a variety of viruses, bacteria, protozoa and fungi that cause insect ailments that you can use to control pests.

What is important is that they must be absolutely non-toxic for the beneficial insects that you want to attract, as well as for humans, our pets and the rest of the wildlife. Without any fear, you can use Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), Spinosad and milk-colored spore powder.

The Most Destructive Garden Insects – How To Get Rid Of Them

Aphids (ladybugs eat aphids)

More than 4,000 species of these tiny pear-shaped, sweet, juice-sucking pests live around the world. When you start gardening, you can expect these creatures to cause disaster in your garden, including encouraging the growth of mold on the leaves, sucking nutrients from greens and spreading various viruses. They usually strike lettuce leaves, tomatoes, kale and feces.

It is unlikely that you will be able to identify them without knowing all the details about the species in your area and the current stage of life. They can be green, gray, yellow, red, black or brown and have two varieties (winged and non-winged types). On the other hand, they are widespread and multiply very quickly, so it is likely that each of your plants suffers from their presence.

Caterpillar

Everyone loves butterflies, but caterpillars of some species, such as giant swallowtail and white cabbage, will finish your flowers, vegetables and most fruits by chewing the leaves around the edges.
These small green segmented worms are soft but with a hard capsule. However, keep in mind that some of these hideous creatures (110,000 different species) will become beautiful butterflies that will repel pests from your garden.

To-to

These fat, gray or brown larvae of moths are very destructive pests that can ravage your garden, especially tomatoes, kale, white cabbage and broccoli. Although mature individuals can be gray, yellow, green and brown and difficult to identify, you can easily identify and spot their C-shaped larvae on the soil surface. As the name implies, earthworms chew the tissues of seedlings and cut them.

Mexican beetle

This garden pest finishs many types of beans and soybeans. Light yellow larvae and mature of these insects damage the leaves, but copper-colored mature (with exactly sixteen black spots) additionally feed on flowers, stems and pods.

Japanese beetles

You will quickly recognize these metallic sapphire-green beetles in your garden that finish leaves and flowers. Their larvae are fat and white, with a brown head. Expect them to eat the roots of your herbs. The huge problem with beetles is that they release pheromones, chemicals that attract other insects.

Weight

Unfortunately, more than 1,000 of the 8,000 existing species of these insects live in North America. You can find them in trees and shrubs in your garden, but they also hit indoor plants and greenhouse plants.
Whether they are cone-like females, small flying males or tiny soft larvae crawling on the leaves, they all suck the sap from the plants and cause the foliage to fall off.

Cabbage curls

These small caterpillars are probably among the most destructive pests that you can find in your vegetable garden. They prefer cruciferous plants such as kale, cauliflower, broccoli, cauliflower and kohlrabi, but they also strike spinach, cucumbers, tomatoes, potatoes and lettuce leaves. mature are grey, with the typical white or silvery letter ‘Y’ on the forewings. Their smooth, green nymphs have thin white stripes on their backs and they crawl in looping movements.

Grasshopper

These green, olive or brown jumping insects with red or yellow markings are among the most difficult pests to action. They spend the day chewing leaves and running away from their enemies, including flies, the most peril creatures for them. These flies lay eggs next to grasshopper eggs, which are food for their newborns.