A Quick Guide to Composting.at home

If you are looking for a way to add minerals, nutrients and soil-enriching microorganisms to your garden, let us tell you about composting.

However, there is often a lot of confusion in the composting process. There is a common misconception that composting is dirty or smelly. Also, the seemingly complicated maintenance involved in converting your compost heap can alienate people even before they start.

But actually composting is quite simple. If everything is done correctly, your plants will be rewarded with everything necessary to become strong and healthy.

Below we have compiled a brief guide to composting. This will tell you everything you need to know about the composting process and how to do it correctly. We’ve also covered the basics of what can and cannot be composted to help you get on the right track.

What is composting?

Simply put, composting is the process of decomposition of organic substances, including leaves. Adding kitchen waste, mown grass and even cardboard to the compost container will lead to their destruction by natural bacteria and microorganisms. They are processed into compost rich in nutrients.

Then this compost can be added to existing beds by adding it to the soil. It can also be used as a mulch to protect your delicate plants during the winter. You can even use it to fill containers and grow beds.

Composting is a fantastic way to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and manage household waste more efficiently. Not to mention that homemade compost is much affordable than buying large bags of it from a local garden store, leaving more money in your pocket and less food waste in the kitchen trash!

Composting Materials Guide

Creating your own compost is fun and easy, but before we get started, it’s important to know what can and cannot be added to the compost pile.

The best compost is a mixture of biodegradable materials (such as vegetable peeler and cut grass) and soil. So to get you started, here’s a list of some things you can add to the compost bin.

  • Tea leaves
  • Crushed eggshells
  • Shredded newspaper cardboard
  • Coffee grounds
  • Leftover
  • fruit peeler
  • cuttings of plants and flowers
  • Cutting grass
  • Straw

There are certain materials that should be avoided being added to the compost heap. Microorganisms have a harder time digesting them, and in some matters they can attract unwanted pests such as rats into your garden. These include:

  • All meat
  • all dairy products
  • Dice
  • Manure for pets
  • Onion
  • Garlic
  • is all organic substances treated with pesticides

Composting Guidelines: Methods

If you want to start composting, the first thing you need to do is decide which composting method best suits you and your garden. There are several options to choose from.

The most common method of composting is to use a compost container. They are widely available and especially useful for small gardens. Organic matter is fed into the upper part of the tray and, after treatment by microorganisms living in it, comes out from the bottom in the form of ready-to-use compost.

Compost containers also tend to have lids. They are useful to prevent your compost from getting soaked by rain, as well as to keep curious wild animals out of the trash!

Creating a compost heap is another popular composting method. As with the trash can, organic matter is added to the top of the stack, however, this requires a little more care. This is nothing more than a quick flip with a garden fork every few weeks.

Vermicomposting is also on the rise as an effective composting method. At the same time, the power of worms is used to digest food waste and produce worm larvae, which are very nutritious for the soil and are highly valued by plants.

You will need a worm tray to start composting vermicomposting, and they are also widely available. Worm bins work the same way as compost bins, but tend to be much smaller in size. This makes them a fantastic choice for those who have a small outdoor area or balcony, as they can be discreetly hidden in a corner. They can even be placed in the kitchen if you really don’t have enough space.

Guide to Advanced Composting Techniques


Once you’ve decided which composting method suits you best, it’s time to think about where in your garden it’s best to place a compost bin. It will depend on the composting method you choose.

Most compost containers have an open bottom, which allows them to be placed directly on an area of open soil. This gives the microorganisms that already live in your soil easy access to your organic waste.

If you have chosen the compost heap method, you will also have to build it directly on open soil.

However, if your garden is completely paved, look for a compost container with a closed bottom. They can be placed directly on concrete and will retain all the contents. There are even some that are small enough to be placed under the kitchen sink, making them ideal for those with limited outdoor space.


You should also make sure that there is sufficient drainage at the bottom of the compost container or pile. Straw is the best material for this, before adding organic waste, apply a thick layer of straw to the bottom of the compost container.

This will prevent the accumulation and stagnation of water, which will lead to unpleasant odors and slow down the composting process. If you can’t use straw, a layer of thin sticks or twigs will work just as effectively.


Your pallet is in place and the drainage is sorted. Now it’s time to start adding organic waste to the compost bin. To get good quality compost and speed up the process, try adding alternating layers of wet and dry material.

For example, put a layer of vegetable peel, and then cover it with a layer of shredded newspaper or cardboard. This is not a mandatory process, but it will certainly help you get compost faster!

Green fertilizer

Materials such as mown grass and fresh plant cuttings are called “green fertilizers”. Adding some of them to the compost between alternating layers is a fantastic way to add even more nutrients to the mix, and after composting they will nourish your soil and plants well.


While it is important that your compost is not soaked by rain or snow, it also needs to be kept moist. The living microorganisms in your pile need warmth and humidity to survive, and a completely dry compost pile will never do what you want.

On especially hot days, carefully water the compost pile with water. Ideally, you should use all the rainwater collected from cigarette butts, as microorganisms will prefer this.

Don’t forget to keep the compost moist all year round. If your compost container has a lid, take it off for about thirty minutes a couple of times a week in wet weather and let the rain do all the work for you!


The heat necessary for microorganisms to survive will be provided by covering your compost. This will also help prevent it from being completely absorbed.

Covering a compost heap is easy, especially if your trash can has a lid. However, if you use the open pile method, a simple plastic sheet attached on top will be more than enough to keep the compost warm and have the proper humidity level.